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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
_________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 _________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____to ______


Commission file number 001-15149
 _________________________________________________
LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC.
Incorporated pursuant to the laws of the State of Delaware
_________________________________________________ 
Internal Revenue Service Employer Identification No. 42-0991521
2140 LAKE PARK BLVD., RICHARDSON, Texas, 75080
(972) 497-5000
_________________________________________________ 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par value per shareLIINew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   No  
As of October 16, 2023, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, was 35,539,725.





LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC.
FORM 10-Q
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023

INDEX
Page
Part I
Consolidated Balance Sheets - September 30, 2023 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2022
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
3
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Deficit) (Unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
Part II
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

i


Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements

LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in millions, except shares and par values)As of September 30, 2023As of December 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$132.0 $52.6 
Short-term investments9.6 8.5 
Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowances of $15.3 and $15.5 in 2023 and 2022, respectively
694.8 608.5 
Inventories, net747.9 753.0 
Assets held for sale92.8  
Other assets65.3 73.9 
Total current assets1,742.4 1,496.5 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $897.5 and $920.8 in 2023 and 2022, respectively
602.1 548.9 
Right-of-use assets from operating leases214.1 219.9 
Goodwill181.7 186.3 
Deferred income taxes50.1 27.5 
Other assets, net99.7 88.5 
Total assets$2,890.1 $2,567.6 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Current Liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt$361.6 $710.6 
Current operating lease liabilities
60.2 63.3 
Accounts payable345.8 427.3 
Accrued expenses408.7 376.9 
Liabilities held for sale69.7  
Income taxes payable9.0 17.6 
Total current liabilities1,255.0 1,595.7 
Long-term debt1,121.6 814.2 
Long-term operating lease liabilities162.5 161.8 
Pensions33.9 40.1 
Other liabilities157.6 158.9 
Total liabilities2,730.6 2,770.7 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity (deficit):
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 25,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 87,170,197 shares issued
0.9 0.9 
Additional paid-in capital1,178.9 1,155.2 
Retained earnings3,400.3 3,070.6 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(77.0)(90.6)
Treasury stock, at cost, 51,633,264 shares and 51,700,260 shares for 2023 and 2022, respectively
(4,343.6)(4,339.2)
Total stockholders' equity (deficit)159.5 (203.1)
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity (deficit)$2,890.1 $2,567.6 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
1



LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Net sales$1,366.3 $1,244.9 $3,827.1 $3,624.6 
Cost of goods sold937.8 910.7 2,634.1 2,625.1 
Gross profit428.5 334.2 1,193.0 999.5 
Operating Expenses:
Selling, general and administrative expenses178.9 147.3 527.6 472.2 
Losses (gains) and other expenses, net3.5 3.3 5.2 5.4 
Restructuring charges0.3 0.2 0.2 1.2 
Impairment on assets held for sale63.2  63.2  
Income from equity method investments(4.2)(2.4)(8.0)(3.9)
Operating income186.8 185.8 604.8 524.6 
Pension settlements0.3  0.4 0.3 
Interest expense, net11.2 10.5 40.4 26.1 
Other expense (income), net0.1 0.7 (0.1)1.9 
Net income before income taxes175.2 174.6 564.1 496.3 
Provision for income taxes44.8 32.7 118.5 93.6 
Net income$130.4 $141.9 $445.6 $402.7 
Earnings per share – Basic:$3.67 $4.00 $12.55 $11.25 
Earnings per share – Diluted:$3.65 $3.99 $12.51 $11.22 
Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding - Basic35.5 35.4 35.5 35.8 
Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding - Diluted35.7 35.5 35.6 35.9 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


2


LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in millions)For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Net income$130.4 $141.9 $445.6 $402.7 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments(5.7)(11.6)8.7 (20.7)
Net change in pension and post-retirement liabilities (0.8)(0.8)(3.5)
Reclassification of pension and post-retirement benefit losses into earnings 1.5 0.6 4.4 
Pension settlements0.3  0.4 0.3 
Share of equity method investments other comprehensive income1.1  1.1 0.7 
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges3.1 (8.4)3.6 (19.7)
Reclassification of cash flow hedge losses (gains) into earnings0.8 3.7 1.2 (12.5)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before taxes(0.4)(15.6)14.8 (51.0)
Tax (expense) benefit(0.8)1.0 (1.2)6.6 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(1.2)(14.6)13.6 (44.4)
Comprehensive income$129.2 $127.3 $459.2 $358.3 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3


LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
Common Stock IssuedAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury Stock at CostTotal Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(For the three months ended September 30, 2023)
Shares Amount
Balance as of June 30, 2023$0.9 $1,169.3 $3,309.0 $(75.8)51.7 $(4,340.8)$62.6 
Net income— — 130.4 — — — 130.4 
Dividends, $1.10 per share
— — (39.1)— — — (39.1)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — (5.7)— — (5.7)
Pension and post-retirement liability changes, net of tax expense of $0.0
— — — 0.3 — — 0.3 
Share of equity method investments other comprehensive income— — — 1.1 — — 1.1 
Stock-based compensation expense— 9.7 — — — — 9.7 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax expense of $0.8
— — — 3.1 — — 3.1 
Treasury shares reissued for common stock— (0.1)— — (0.1)1.2 1.1 
Treasury stock purchases— — — — — (4.0)(4.0)
Balance as of September 30, 2023$0.9 $1,178.9 $3,400.3 $(77.0)51.6 $(4,343.6)$159.5 
Common Stock IssuedAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury Stock at CostTotal Stockholders' Deficit
(For the three months ended September 30, 2022)
Shares Amount
Balance as of June 30, 2022$0.9 $1,144.0 $2,909.5 $(117.9)51.7 $(4,337.8)$(401.3)
Net income— — 141.9 — — — 141.9 
Dividends, $1.06 per share
— — (37.5)— — — (37.5)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — (11.6)— — (11.6)
Pension and post-retirement liability changes, net of tax expense of $0.2
— — — 0.5 — — 0.5 
Stock-based compensation expense— 5.8 — — — — 5.8 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax benefit of $1.2
— — — (3.5)— — (3.5)
Treasury shares reissued for common stock— 0.6 — — — 0.3 0.9 
Treasury stock purchases—  — —  (0.4)(0.4)
Balance as of September 30, 2022$0.9 $1,150.4 $3,013.9 $(132.5)51.7 $(4,337.9)$(305.2)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


4


LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
Common Stock IssuedAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury Stock at CostTotal Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(For the nine months ended September 30, 2023)
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2022$0.9 $1,155.2 $3,070.6 $(90.6)51.7 $(4,339.2)$(203.1)
Net income— — 445.6 — — — 445.6 
Dividends, $3.26 per share
— — (115.9)— — — (115.9)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — 8.7 — — 8.7 
Pension and post-retirement liability changes, net of tax expense of $0.0
— — — 0.2 — — 0.2 
Share of equity method investments other comprehensive income— — — 1.1 — — 1.1 
Stock-based compensation expense— 23.5 — — — — 23.5 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax expense of $1.2
— — — 3.6 — — 3.6 
Treasury shares reissued for common stock— 0.2 — — (0.1)2.7 2.9 
Treasury stock purchases— — — — — (7.1)(7.1)
Balance as of September 30, 2023$0.9 $1,178.9 $3,400.3 $(77.0)51.6 $(4,343.6)$159.5 
Common Stock IssuedAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury Stock at CostTotal Stockholders' Deficit
(For the nine months ended September 30, 2022)
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2021$0.9 $1,133.7 $2,719.3 $(88.1)50.5 $(4,034.8)$(269.0)
Net income— — 402.7 — — — 402.7 
Dividends, $3.04 per share
— — (108.1)— — — (108.1)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — (20.7)— — (20.7)
Pension and post-retirement liability changes, net of tax expense of $0.7
— — — 0.5 — — 0.5 
Share of equity method investments other comprehensive income— — — 0.7 — — 0.7 
Stock-based compensation expense— 16.4 — — — — 16.4 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax benefit of $7.3
— — — (24.9)— — (24.9)
Treasury shares reissued for common stock— 0.3 — — (0.1)2.4 2.7 
Treasury stock purchases—  — — 1.3 (305.5)(305.5)
Balance as of September 30, 2022$0.9 $1,150.4 $3,013.9 $(132.5)51.7 $(4,337.9)$(305.2)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5


LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in millions)For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$445.6 $402.7 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Income from equity method investments(8.0)(3.9)
Impairment on assets held for sale63.2  
Dividends from affiliates 1.2 
Restructuring charges, net of cash paid 0.7 
Provision for credit losses4.7 4.3 
Unrealized losses, net on derivative contracts5.6 0.8 
Stock-based compensation expense23.5 16.4 
Depreciation and amortization62.0 56.2 
Deferred income taxes(24.9)(16.6)
Pension expense2.4 5.1 
Pension contributions(2.8)(0.7)
Other items, net(1.4)(1.4)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts and notes receivable(142.5)(214.9)
Inventories(44.9)(245.7)
Other current assets(0.5)(5.1)
Accounts payable(10.9)78.7 
Accrued expenses69.4 36.0 
Income taxes payable and receivable, net(6.7)35.5 
   Leases, net3.4 0.8 
Other, net(7.3)20.0 
Net cash provided by operating activities429.9 170.1 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Proceeds from the disposal of property, plant and equipment1.6 1.2 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(125.0)(67.0)
Purchases of short-term investments(1.1)(2.4)
Net cash used in investing activities(124.5)(68.2)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Asset securitization borrowings190.0 382.0 
Asset securitization payments(540.0)(232.0)
Long-term debt payments(10.6)(9.8)
Issuance of senior unsecured notes500.0  
Borrowings from credit facility1,547.5 1,967.5 
Payments on credit facility(1,739.5)(1,752.0)
Payments of deferred financing costs(5.4) 
Proceeds from employee stock purchases2.9 2.7 
Repurchases of common stock (300.0)
Repurchases of common stock to satisfy employee withholding tax obligations(7.1)(5.5)
Cash dividends paid(153.4)(142.0)
Net cash used in financing activities(215.6)(89.1)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents89.8 12.8 
Cash balances classified as assets held for sale(7.6) 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents(2.8)(3.1)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period52.6 31.0 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$132.0 $40.7 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Interest paid$42.0 $23.2 
Income taxes paid (net of refunds)$151.3 $75.4 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
6


LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. General:

References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to "we","our","us","LII" or the "Company" refer to Lennox International Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context requires otherwise.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2023, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Deficit) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, and the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. The accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments, consisting principally of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to applicable rules and regulations, although we believe that the disclosures herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The operating results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year.

Our fiscal quarterly periods are comprised of approximately 13 weeks, but the number of days per quarter may vary year-over-year. Our quarterly reporting periods usually end on the Saturday closest to the last day of March, June and September. Our fourth quarter and fiscal year ends on December 31, regardless of the day of the week on which December 31 falls. For convenience, the 13-week periods comprising each fiscal quarter are denoted by the last day of the respective calendar quarter.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates and the underlying assumptions affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported, disclosures about contingent assets and liabilities, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses. Such estimates include the valuation of accounts receivable, inventories, goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets, contingencies, guarantee obligations, indemnifications, and assumptions used in the calculation of income taxes, pension and post-retirement medical benefits, self-insurance and warranty reserves, and stock-based compensation, among others. These estimates and assumptions are based on our best estimates and judgment.

We evaluate these estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment. We believe these estimates and assumptions to be reasonable under the circumstances and will adjust such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Volatile equity, foreign currency and commodity markets combine to increase the uncertainty inherent in such estimates and assumptions. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision and actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Changes in these estimates will be reflected in the financial statements in future periods.


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2. Reportable Business Segments:

We operate in two reportable business segments of the heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (“HVACR”) industry. Our segments are organized primarily by the nature of the products and services we provide. The following table describes each segment:
 
SegmentProduct or ServicesMarkets ServedGeographic Areas
ResidentialFurnaces, air conditioners, heat pumps, packaged heating and cooling systems, indoor air quality equipment, comfort control products, replacement parts and suppliesResidential Replacement;
Residential New Construction
United States
Canada
CommercialUnitary heating and air conditioning equipment, applied systems, controls, installation and service of commercial heating and cooling equipment, variable refrigerant flow commercial products, condensing units, unit coolers, fluid coolers, air cooled condensers, air handlers, controls, and compressorized racksLight Commercial;
Food Preservation;
Non-Food/Industrial
United States
Canada
Prior to January 1, 2023, we operated in three reportable business segments. In November 2022, we announced the decision to explore strategic alternatives for our European commercial HVAC and refrigeration businesses. We will continue to invest in our Heatcraft Worldwide Refrigeration business which became part of the Commercial segment effective on January 1, 2023 while the European portfolio will be presented with Corporate and Other until disposition. The consolidation of our Heatcraft business within the Commercial segment provides the opportunity to leverage synergies and create long-term growth opportunities by integrating entities with similar products, end consumers and financial performance metrics under the same management. The change in segment reporting better aligns with how the businesses are managed and evaluated given the change in portfolio. Recast Segment Results were presented in our March 31, 2023 Form 10-Q for both the previously presented segment results as well as the recast financial information to reflect the change in our segment presentation.

We use segment profit or loss as the primary measure of profitability to evaluate operating performance and to allocate capital resources. We define segment profit or loss as a segment’s income or loss from continuing operations before income taxes included in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations, excluding certain items. The reconciliation in the table below details the items excluded.

Our corporate costs include those costs related to our European operations, as well as our corporate functions such as legal, internal audit, treasury, human resources, tax compliance and senior executive staff. Any intercompany sales and associated profit (and any other intercompany items) are eliminated from segment results. There were no significant intercompany eliminations for the periods presented.

8


Segment Net Sales and Profit (Loss)

Net sales and segment profit (loss) for each segment, along with a reconciliation of segment profit (loss) to Operating income, are shown below (in millions):
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023
2022 (2)
2023
2022 (2)
Net sales
Residential$896.3 $835.3 $2,513.6 $2,494.9 
Commercial (2)
405.5 352.3 1,121.5 959.2 
Corporate and other (2)
64.5 57.3 192.0 170.5 
$1,366.3 $1,244.9 $3,827.1 $3,624.6 
Segment profit (loss) (1)
Residential$181.4 $153.8 $495.2 $477.7 
Commercial (2)
97.3 52.4 250.3 117.4 
Corporate and other (2)
(23.4)(16.9)(65.2)(61.4)
Total segment profit255.3 189.3 680.3 533.7 
Reconciliation to Operating income:
Impairment on assets held for sale$63.2  $63.2  
Items in Losses (gains) and other expenses, net that are excluded from segment profit (loss) (1)
5.0 3.3 12.1 7.9 
Restructuring charges0.3 0.2 0.2 1.2 
Operating income$186.8 $185.8 $604.8 $524.6 
(1) We define segment profit (loss) as a segment's operating income included in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations, excluding:
The following items in Losses (gains) and other expenses, net:
Net change in unrealized (gains) losses on unsettled futures contracts,
Environmental liabilities and special litigation charges, and;
Other items, net
Restructuring charges and;
Impairment on assets held for sale
(2) 2022 results have been recast to reflect the realignment of our reportable segments.

3. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing net income by the sum of the weighted-average number of shares and the number of equivalent shares assumed outstanding, if dilutive, under our stock-based compensation plans.

9


The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share were as follows (in millions, except per share data):
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Net income $130.4 $141.9 $445.6 $402.7 
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic35.5 35.4 35.5 35.8 
Add: Potential effect of dilutive securities attributable to stock-based payments0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted35.7 35.5 35.6 35.9 
Earnings per share – Basic:$3.67 $4.00 $12.55 $11.25 
Earnings per share – Diluted:$3.65 $3.99 $12.51 $11.22 

The following stock appreciation rights and restricted stock units were outstanding but not included in the diluted earnings per share calculation because the assumed exercise of such rights would have been anti-dilutive (in millions, except for per share data):
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Weighted-average number of shares0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 
    
4. Commitments and Contingencies:

Leases
We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as Right-of-use assets from operating leases, Current operating lease liabilities and Long-term operating lease liabilities. Finance leases are included in Property, plant and equipment, Current maturities of long-term debt and Long-term debt in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We do not recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for leases with a term of 12 months or less. We do not separate non-lease components from lease components to which they relate and have accounted for the combined lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

Many of our lease agreements contain renewal options; however, we do not recognize right-of-use assets or lease liabilities for renewal periods unless it is determined that we are reasonably certain of renewing the lease at inception or when a triggering event occurs. Some of our lease agreements contain rent escalation clauses (including index-based escalations), rent holidays, capital improvement funding or other lease concessions. We recognize our minimum rental expense on a straight-line basis based on the fixed components of a lease arrangement. We amortize this expense over the term of the lease beginning with the date of initial possession. Variable lease components represent amounts that are not fixed in nature and are not tied to an index or rate, and are recognized as incurred. Under certain of our third-party service agreements, we control a specific space or underlying asset used in providing the service by the third-party service provider. These arrangements meet the definition under ASC 842 and therefore are accounted for under ASC 842.

In determining our right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, we apply a discount rate to the minimum lease payments within each lease agreement. ASC 842 requires us to use the rate of interest that a lessee would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. When we cannot readily determine the discount rate implicit in the lease agreement, we utilize our incremental borrowing rate. To estimate our specific incremental borrowing rates over various periods (ranging from 1-year through 30-years), a comparable market yield curve consistent with our credit quality was calibrated to our publicly outstanding debt instruments.

We lease certain real and personal property under non-cancelable operating leases. Approximately 81% of our right-of-use assets and lease liabilities relate to our leases of real estate with the remaining amounts primarily relating to our leases of IT equipment, fleet vehicles and manufacturing and distribution equipment.

10


Product Warranties and Product Related Contingencies

We provide warranties to customers for some of our products and record liabilities for the estimated future warranty-related costs based on failure rates, cost experience and other factors. We periodically review the assumptions used to determine the product warranty liabilities and will adjust the liabilities in future periods for changes in experience, as necessary.

Liabilities for estimated product warranty costs related to continuing operations are included in the following captions on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets (in millions) as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Accrued expenses$44.0 $41.3 
Other liabilities100.6 101.4 
Total warranty liability$144.6 $142.7 
The changes in product warranty liabilities related to continuing operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 were as follows (in millions):
Total warranty liability as of December 31, 2022$142.7 
Warranty claims paid(33.2)
Changes resulting from issuance of new warranties44.7 
Changes in estimates associated with pre-existing liabilities(5.2)
Changes in foreign currency translation rates and other(0.1)
Warranty liability reclassified as liabilities held for sale(4.3)
Total warranty liability as of September 30, 2023
$144.6 

Litigation

We are involved in a number of claims and lawsuits incidental to the operation of our businesses. Insurance coverages are maintained and estimated costs are recorded for such claims and lawsuits, including costs to settle claims and lawsuits, based on experience involving similar matters and specific facts known.

It is management's opinion that none of these claims or lawsuits or any threatened litigation will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Claims and lawsuits, however, involve uncertainties and it is possible that their eventual outcome could adversely affect our results of operations for a particular period.

5. Stock Repurchases:

Our Board of Directors has authorized a total of $4.0 billion to repurchase shares of our common stock (collectively referred to as the "Share Repurchase Plans"), including a $1.0 billion share repurchase authorization in July 2021. The Share Repurchase Plans allow us to repurchase shares from time to time in open market transactions and in privately negotiated transactions based on business, market, applicable legal requirements and other considerations. The Share Repurchase Plans do not require the repurchase of a specific number of shares and may be terminated at any time. As of September 30, 2023, $546 million was available for repurchase under the Share Repurchase Plans.

11


6. Assets Held for Sale:

During the third quarter of 2023, we obtained Board approval and reached agreements to sell our European commercial HVAC and refrigeration businesses as well as our European Process Cooling business, both of which are expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2023. All of these businesses are included in the Corporate and Other segment. We have reclassified the assets and liabilities associated with these businesses to assets and liabilities held for sale. The following table presents the assets and liabilities classified as held for sale as of September 30, 2023 (in millions).

Assets held for sale
Cash and cash equivalents$7.6 
Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowances51.8 
Inventories, net49.8 
Other assets16.4 
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation3.2 
Goodwill2.3 
Valuation allowance(38.3)
Total assets held for sale as of September 30, 2023
$92.8 
Liabilities held for sale
Current liabilities$61.0 
Non-current liabilities8.7 
Total liabilities held for sale as of September 30, 2023
$69.7 

Based on the expected fair value of the consideration to be received for these businesses, net of our costs to sell, we recorded an impairment on assets held for sale of $63.2 million related to the sale of our European commercial HVAC and refrigeration businesses. The consideration will be a combination of cash, a note receivable, and contingent consideration. The impairment consists of a $38.3 million valuation allowance for the difference between the consideration, net of our cost to sell and the carrying value of the net assets, including related amounts in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, $22.6 million impairment of Property, plant, and equipment, and a $2.3 million impairment of goodwill. The operating profits and losses generated from these businesses are not material for any period presented.

7. Revenue Recognition:

The following table disaggregates our revenue by business segment by geography which provides information as to the major source of revenue. See Note 2 for additional information on our reportable business segments and the products and services sold in each segment. All amount presented reflect the revised segment presentation.

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2023
Primary Geographic MarketsResidentialCommercialCorporate and OtherConsolidated
United States$842.1 $376.8 $ $1,218.9 
Canada54.2 28.7  82.9 
Other international  64.5 64.5 
Total$896.3 $405.5 $64.5 $1,366.3 

12


For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022(1)
Primary Geographic MarketsResidentialCommercialCorporate and OtherConsolidated
United States$779.8 $331.9 $ $1,111.7 
Canada55.5 20.3  75.8 
Other international 0.1 57.3 57.4 
Total$835.3 $352.3 $57.3 $1,244.9 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023
Primary Geographic MarketsResidentialCommercialCorporate and OtherConsolidated
United States$2,350.0 $1,053.5 $ $3,403.5 
Canada163.6 68.0  231.6 
Other international  192.0 192.0 
Total$2,513.6 $1,121.5 $192.0 $3,827.1 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 (1)
Primary Geographic MarketsResidentialCommercialCorporate and OtherConsolidated
United States$2,311.2 $915.4 $ $3,226.6 
Canada183.7 43.2  226.9 
Other international 0.6 170.5 171.1 
Total$2,494.9 $959.2 $170.5 $3,624.6 
(1) As discussed in Note 2, we adjusted our segment reporting to include the results of our Heatcraft businesses in Commercial and the results of our European portfolio in Corporate and Other. The amounts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 have been recast to reflect the revised segment presentation.

Residential - We manufacture and market a broad range of furnaces, air conditioners, heat pumps, packaged heating and cooling systems, equipment and accessories to improve indoor air quality, comfort control products, replacement parts and supplies and related products for both the residential replacement and new construction markets in North America. These products are sold under various brand names and are sold either through direct sales to a network of independent installing dealers, including through our network of Lennox stores or to independent distributors. For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, direct sales represented 77% and 72% of revenues, and sales to independent distributors represented the remainder. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, direct sales represented 75% and 70% of revenues, and sales to independent distributors represented the remainder.

Commercial - In North America, we manufacture and sell unitary heating and cooling equipment used in light commercial applications, such as low-rise office buildings, restaurants, retail centers, churches and schools. These products are distributed primarily through commercial contractors and directly to national account customers in the planned replacement, emergency replacement and new construction markets. We manufacture and market equipment for the commercial refrigeration markets under the Heatcraft Worldwide Refrigeration name. Our products are used in the food retail, food service, cold storage as well as non-food refrigeration markets. We sell these products to distributors, installing contractors, engineering design firms, original equipment manufacturers and end-users. Lennox National Account Services provides installation, service and preventive maintenance for HVAC national account customers in the United States and Canada. For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, equipment sales represented 88% and 88% of revenues and the remainder of our revenue was generated from our service business. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, equipment sales represented 87% and 87% of revenues and the remainder of our revenue was generated from our service business.

Corporate and Other - In Europe, we manufacture and market equipment for the global commercial refrigeration markets. We also manufacture and sell unitary heating and cooling products and applied systems. A de minimis amount of segment revenue relates to services for start-up and commissioning activities.
13


Contract Liabilities - Our contract liabilities consist of advance payments and deferred revenue. Net contract liabilities consisted of the following (in millions) as of:

September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Contract liabilities - current$(4.9)$(9.6)
Contract liabilities - noncurrent(7.2)(6.4)
Total$(12.1)$(16.0)

For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, we recognized revenue of $2.8 million and $3.6 million and for the nine months ended we recognized revenue of $7.0 million and $9.5 million related to our contract liabilities at January 1, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Impairment losses recognized in our receivables and contract assets were de minimis in 2023 and 2022.

8. Other Financial Statement Details:
Inventories:
The components of inventories are as follows (in millions) as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Finished goods$544.7 $534.6 
Work in process8.6 8.9 
Raw materials and parts322.9 328.7 
Subtotal876.2 872.2 
Excess of current cost over last-in, first-out cost(128.3)(119.2)
Total inventories, net$747.9 $753.0 

Goodwill:
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in 2023, in total and by segment, are summarized in the table below (in millions):
Balance as of December 31, 2022
Goodwill Reallocation (1)
Reallocation to Assets Held for Sale (2)
Balance as of September 30, 2023
Residential$26.1 $ $ $26.1 
Commercial (1)
61.1 94.5  155.6 
Refrigeration (1)
99.1 (99.1) $ 
Corporate and Other (1)
 4.6 (4.6) 
Total Goodwill$186.3 $ $(4.6)181.7 
    


(1) As discussed in Note 2, we recast our segment presentation to present our Heatcraft Worldwide Refrigeration business as a component of our Commercial segment and our European portfolio as a component of Corporate & Other. Since there is no longer a Refrigeration segment, we allocated goodwill to each segment based upon the relative fair value of the business.

(2) As discussed in Note 6, we are presenting the assets and liabilities of our European businesses as Assets Held for Sale. There was $4.6 million of goodwill related to our European portfolio. As part of the loss on assets held for sale, we recorded an impairment of $2.3 million for a portion of the goodwill transferred.

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We monitor our reporting units for indicators of impairment throughout the year to determine if a change in facts or circumstances warrants a re-evaluation of our goodwill. We have not recorded any goodwill impairments for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 or in any periods presented for our continuing businesses.

Derivatives:

Objectives and Strategies for Using Derivative Instruments

Commodity Price Risk - We utilize a cash flow hedging program to mitigate our exposure to volatility in the prices of metal commodities used in our production processes. Our hedging program includes the use of futures contracts to lock in prices, and as a result, we are subject to derivative losses should the metal commodity prices decrease and gains should the prices increase. We utilize a dollar cost averaging strategy so that a higher percentage of commodity price exposures are hedged near-term and lower percentages are hedged at future dates. This strategy allows for protection against near-term price volatility while allowing us to adjust to market price movements over time.

Interest Rate Risk - A portion of our debt bears interest at variable rates, and as a result, we are subject to variability in the cash paid for interest. To mitigate a portion of that risk, we may choose to engage in an interest rate swap hedging strategy to eliminate the variability of interest payment cash flows. We are not currently hedged against interest rate risk.

Foreign Currency Risk - Foreign currency exchange rate movements create a degree of risk by affecting the U.S. dollar value of assets and liabilities arising in foreign currencies. We seek to mitigate the impact of currency exchange rate movements on certain short-term transactions by periodically entering into foreign currency forward contracts.

Cash Flow Hedges

We have foreign exchange forward contracts and commodity futures contracts designated as cash flow hedges that are scheduled to mature through August 2024. Unrealized gains or losses from our cash flow hedges are included in Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) and are expected to be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months based on the prices of the commodities and foreign currencies at the settlement dates. We recorded the following amounts in AOCL related to our cash flow hedges (in millions) as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Unrealized losses (gains), net on unsettled contracts$1.5 $6.3 
Income tax (benefit) expense (0.2)(1.4)
Unrealized losses (gains), net included in AOCL, net of tax (1)
$1.3 $4.9 
(1) Assuming commodity prices and foreign currency exchange rates remain constant, we expect to reclassify $1.2 million of derivative losses as of September 30, 2023 into earnings within the next 12 months.

Stock-Based Compensation:

We issue various long-term incentive awards, including performance share units, restricted stock units and stock appreciation rights under the Lennox International Inc. 2019 Equity and Incentive Plan, as it may be amended and restated from time to time. Stock-based compensation expense related to continuing operations is included in Selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations as follows (in millions):
For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Stock-based compensation expense
$9.7 $5.8 $23.5 $16.4 


9. Pension Benefit Plans:

The components of net periodic benefit cost for pension benefits were as follows (in millions):
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For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Service cost$0.5 $1.1 $1.6 $3.2 
Interest cost2.2 1.5 6.7 4.5 
Expected return on plan assets(2.4)(2.3)(7.1)(7.0)
Recognized actuarial loss 1.5 0.6 4.4 
Other0.3 0.2 (0.1)0.2 
Settlements and curtailments0.3  0.4 0.3 
Net periodic benefit cost$0.9 $2.0 $2.1 $5.6 
10. Income Taxes:

As of September 30, 2023, we had approximately $4.0 million in total gross unrecognized tax benefits. All of this amount, if recognized, would be recorded through the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Our effective tax rate was 25.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to 18.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2022, 21.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 18.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The change in the rate is primarily due to the allocation of income to higher tax jurisdictions and a discrete adjustment related to the European divestiture.

We are currently under a U.S. federal income tax audit by the Internal Revenue Service for 2021. We are also subject to examination by numerous other taxing authorities in the U.S. and in foreign jurisdictions. We are generally no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or non-U.S. income tax examinations by taxing authorities for years prior to 2016.

11. Lines of Credit and Financing Arrangements:

The following table summarizes our outstanding debt obligations and their classification in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets (in millions) as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Current maturities of long-term debt:
Asset securitization program$ $350.0 
Finance lease obligations11.6 11.2 
Senior unsecured notes350.0 350.0 
Debt issuance costs (0.6)
    Total current maturities of long-term debt
$361.6 $710.6 
Long-Term Debt:
Finance lease obligations31.9 28.3 
Credit agreement 192.0 
Senior unsecured notes1,100.0 600.0 
Debt issuance costs(10.3)(6.1)
Total long-term debt$1,121.6 $814.2 
Total debt$1,483.2 $1,524.8 

Foreign Obligations

Through several of our foreign subsidiaries, we have facilities available to assist us in financing seasonal borrowing needs for our foreign locations. We had no outstanding foreign obligations as of September 30, 2023 or December 31, 2022 and there were no borrowings or repayments on these facilities during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.


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Asset Securitization Program

Under the Asset Securitization Program (“ASP”), we are eligible to sell beneficial interests in a portion of our trade accounts receivable to a financial institution for cash. The ASP contains a provision whereby we retain the right to repurchase all of the outstanding beneficial interests transferred. As a result of the repurchase right, the transfer of the receivables under the ASP is not accounted for as a sale. Accordingly, the cash received from the transfer of the beneficial interests in our trade accounts receivable is reflected as secured borrowings in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets and proceeds received are included in cash flows from financing activities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Our continued involvement with the transferred assets includes servicing, collection and administration of the transferred beneficial interests. The accounts receivable securitized under the ASP are high-quality domestic customer accounts that have not aged significantly. The receivables represented by the retained interest that we service are exposed to the risk of loss for any uncollectible amounts in the pool of receivables transferred under the ASP.

We renewed the ASP in November 2021, extending its term to November 2023 and increasing the maximum securitization amount to a range from $300.0 million to $450.0 million, depending on the period. The maximum capacity under the ASP is the lesser of the maximum securitization amount or 100% of the net pool balance less allowances, as defined by the ASP. Eligibility for securitization is limited based on the amount and quality of the qualifying accounts receivable and is calculated monthly. The eligible amounts available and beneficial interests sold were as follows (in millions) as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Eligible amount available under the ASP on qualified accounts receivable$400.0 $350.0 
Less: Beneficial interest transferred (350.0)
Remaining amount available$400.0 $ 
We pay certain discount fees to use the ASP and to have the facility available to us. These fees relate to both the used and unused portions of the securitization. The used fee is based on the beneficial interests sold and calculated on the floating commercial paper rate determined by the purchaser of the beneficial interest, plus a program fee of 0.70%. The average rates as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 were 0.00% and 5.17%, respectively. The unused fee is based on 101% of the maximum available amount less the beneficial interest transferred and is calculated at a rate ranging between 0.25% and 0.35%, depending on the available borrowings, throughout the term of the agreement. We recorded these fees in Interest expense, net in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The ASP contains certain restrictive covenants relating to the quality of our accounts receivable and cross-default provisions with our Credit Agreement (as defined below), senior unsecured notes and any other indebtedness we may have over $75.0 million. The administrative agent under the ASP is also a participant in our Credit Agreement, as defined below. The participating financial institutions have investment grade credit ratings. As of September 30, 2023, we were in compliance with all covenant requirements. The ASP will expire according to its terms in November 2023 and we do not intend to renew it.

Second Amendment to the Credit Agreement

In August 2023, we entered into the Second Amendment (the “Second Amendment”) to our existing Credit Agreement, dated as of July 14, 2021 (as amended, the "Credit Agreement"), with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other lenders party thereto. Under the Second Amendment, the revolving commitments were increased by $350 million and certain representations required to be made as conditions precedent to borrowing were revised to provide us greater flexibility to enter into additional future financing.

The Credit Agreement consists of a $1.1 billion unsecured revolving credit facility. We had outstanding borrowings of $0.0 million as well as $1.7 million committed to standby letters of credit as of September 30, 2023. Subject to covenant limitations, $1,098.3 million was available for future borrowings. The Credit Agreement includes a subfacility for swingline loans up to $65.0 million. The Credit Agreement will expire and outstanding loans will be required to be repaid in July 2026, unless maturity is extended by the lenders pursuant to two one-year extension options that we may request under the Credit Agreement.

Our weighted average borrowing rate on the facility was as follows as of:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Weighted average borrowing rate %5.57 %

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The Credit Agreement is guaranteed by certain of our subsidiaries and contains customary covenants applicable to us and our subsidiaries including limitations on indebtedness, liens, dividends, stock repurchases, mergers and sales of all or substantially all of our assets. In addition, the Credit Agreement contains a financial covenant requiring us to maintain, as of the last day of each fiscal quarter for the four prior fiscal quarters, a Total Net Leverage Ratio of no more than 3.50 to 1.00 (or, at our election, on up to two occasions following a material acquisition, 4.00 to 1.00).

The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default. These events of default include nonpayment of principal or interest, breach of covenants or other restrictions or requirements, default on certain other indebtedness or receivables securitization (cross default), and bankruptcy. A cross default under our Credit Agreement could occur if:

• We fail to pay any principal or interest when due on any other indebtedness or receivables securitization exceeding $75.0 million; or

• We are in default in the performance of, or compliance with any term of any other indebtedness or receivables securitization in an aggregate principal amount exceeding $75.0 million or any other condition exists which would give the holders the right to declare such indebtedness due and payable prior to its stated maturity.

Each of our major debt agreements contains provisions by which a default under one agreement causes a default in the others (a “cross default”). If a cross default under the Credit Agreement, our senior unsecured notes, our lease of our corporate headquarters in Richardson, Texas (recorded as an operating lease), or our ASP were to occur, it could have a wider impact on our liquidity than might otherwise occur from a default of a single debt instrument or lease commitment.

If any event of default occurs and is continuing, the administrative agent, or lenders with a majority of the aggregate commitments may require the administrative agent to, terminate our right to borrow under our Credit Agreement and accelerate amounts due under our Credit Agreement (except for a bankruptcy event of default, in which case such amounts will automatically become due and payable and the lenders’ commitments will automatically terminate). As of September 30, 2023, we were in compliance with all covenant requirements.

Senior Unsecured Notes

In September 2023, we issued $500.0 million of senior unsecured notes, which will mature in September 2028 (the "2028 Notes") with interest being paid semi-annually in March and September at 5.50%. We issued two series of senior unsecured notes on July 30, 2020 for $300.0 million each, which will mature on August 1, 2025 (the "2025 Notes") and August 1, 2027 (the "2027 Notes") with interest being paid semi-annually in February and August at 1.35% and 1.70% respectively, per annum. We also issued $350.0 million of senior unsecured notes in November 2016 (the "2023 Notes," and together with the 2025 Notes, 2027 Notes, and the 2028 Notes, the "Notes") which will mature on November 15, 2023 with interest being paid semi-annually on May 15 and November 15 at 3.00% per annum.

All the Notes are guaranteed, on a senior unsecured basis, by certain of our subsidiaries that guarantee indebtedness under our Credit Agreement. The indenture governing the Notes contains covenants that, among other things, limit our ability and the ability of the subsidiary guarantors to: create or incur certain liens; enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions; and enter into certain mergers, consolidations and transfers of substantially all of our assets. The indenture also contains a cross default provision which is triggered if we default on other debt of at least $75.0 million in principal which is then accelerated, and such acceleration is not rescinded within 30 days of the notice date. As of September 30, 2023, we believe we were in compliance with all covenant requirements.

Commercial Paper Program

On October 25, 2023, we established a commercial paper program (the “Program”) pursuant to which we may issue short-term, unsecured commercial paper notes (the “CP Notes”) under the exemption from registration contained in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Amounts available under the Program may be borrowed, repaid, and re-borrowed from time to time, with the aggregate face or principal amount of the CP Notes outstanding under the Program at any time not to exceed $500.0 million. The CP Notes will have maturities of up to 397 days from the date of issue. The CP Notes will rank pari passu with all of our other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The net proceeds of the issuances of the CP Notes are expected to be used for general corporate purposes. We plan to use our revolving credit facility as a liquidity backstop for the repayment of CP Notes outstanding under the Program. No CP Notes are currently outstanding under the Program.
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12. Comprehensive Income (Loss):

The following table provides information on items reclassified from AOCL to Net income in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations (in millions):
For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,Affected Line Item(s) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations
2023202220232022
(Losses) Gains on Cash Flow Hedges:
Derivatives contracts$(0.8)$(3.7)$(1.2)$12.5 Cost of goods sold; Losses (gains) and other expenses, net
Income tax (expense) benefit0.2 0.8 0.3 (2.9)Provision for income taxes
Net of tax$(0.6)$(2.9)$(0.9)$9.6 
Defined Benefit Plan items:
Pension and post-retirement benefit costs$ $(1.5)$(0.6)$(4.4)Other expense (income), net
Pension settlements(0.3) (0.4)(0.3)Pension settlements
Income tax benefit0.1 0.4 0.2 1.2 Provision for income taxes
Net of tax$(0.2)$(1.1)$(0.8)$(3.5)
Total reclassifications from AOCL$(0.8)$(4.0)$(1.7)$6.1 

The following table provides information on changes in AOCL, by component (net of tax), for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 (in millions):
(Losses) Gains on Cash Flow HedgesShare of equity method investments other comprehensive incomeDefined Benefit Pension Plan ItemsForeign Currency Translation AdjustmentsTotal AOCL
Balance as of December 31, 2022
$(4.9)$(0.5)$(46.2)$(39.0)$(90.6)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications2.7 1.1 (0.6)8.7 11.9 
Amounts reclassified from AOCL0.9  0.8  1.7 
Net other comprehensive income3.6 1.1